## الوزن الفعل The Patterns of verbs

This was put together by a student from information given by a teacher.

Arabic verbs have forms or patterns which change or add to the meaning of the original meaning. This is a text that gives the pattern of the first ten forms of the Arabic verbs. This is culled from a text that was given to me but I longer have a copy of; so this gives the understanding of the verb.
The verb is given with its past tense, present tense, gerund, active participle and passive participle or

فعل الماضى, المضارع , المصدر , اسم الفاعل , اسم المفعول

## Form one

فَعَلَ, يَفعُلُ , فِعلٌ , فَاعِلٌ , مَفعُولٌ

Regular verbs describing actions, he did, she wrote etc

## Form two

فَعَّلَ , يَفَعِّل , تَفعِيلٌ/تَفعِلَةٌ , مُفَعِّلٌ , مُفَعَّلٌ

Causative verbs (verbs that cause an action) describing actions. i.e. Caused someone to study, he caused someone to do. It does not need an object, it is transitive.

## Form three

فَاعَلَ , يُفَاعِلُ , فِعَالٌ/مُفَاعَلَةٌ , مُفَاعِلٌ , مُفَاعَلٌ

Verbs describing actions done to someone but not returned , or continuity. He wrote but he did not write back, he watched someone but the other person didn't.

## Form four

أَفعَلَ , يُفعِلُ , إِفعَالٌ , مُفعِلٌ , مُفعَلٌ

Verbs with concise meaning or making something possible. Meaning he expelled (or exiled) someone, or made someone present.

## Form Five

تَفَعَّلَ , يَتَفَعَّلُ , تَفَعُّلٌ , مُتَفَعِّلٌ , مُتَفَعَّلٌ

Verbs, where the subject of the verb and the action described by the verb implying, to distance oneself from something. This could mean a sense of distance from the verb for example "develop" could be or become developed, he avoided existing تخرّج , he distanced himself تَبَرَّأ , people gathered to
تجمّع الناس he gathered people.
جمّع الناس

## Form six

تَفَاعَلَ , يَتَفَاعَلُ , تَفَاعُلٌ , مُتَفَاعِلٌ , مُتَفَاعَلٌ

Verbs where two subjects reciprocate in performing the same action (or feeling) described by a verb. Ie Helped one another, watched something, wrote to each other.

## Form Seven

اِنفَعَلَ , يَنفَعِلُ , اِنفِعالٌ , مُنفَعِلٌ , ~

Verbs where the action described is perceived to have occurred on its own, something broke or a door closed on its own.

## Form Eight

اِفتَعَلَ , يَفتَعِلُ , اِفتِعَالٌ , مُفتَعِلٌ , مُفتَعَلٌ

Verbs, that are in a sense reflexive. Describing an action done by oneself or by the subject to himself/itself. He moved himselfاِنتقل
, he realised
اعترف
, he washed himself.
اغتسل

## Form nine

اِفعَلَّ , يَفعَلُّ , اِفعِلالٌ , مُفعَلٌّ , ~

Generally these verbs are describing an internal transformation, he turned red احمرّ , he became strong

اشتدَّ he became green.
اخضرّ

## Form Ten

اِستَفعَلَ , يُستُفعِلُ , اِستَفعَالٌ , مُستَفعِلٌ , مُستَفعَلٌ

These verbs are generally used to ask politely (or with humility) for something or someone to see the services of something, ask for forgiveness اِستغفر , he made used of something استمعل. Or it can be perceived as a request for something: i e مستشفاء hospital – seeking a cure.