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Friday, January 04, 2019

Commentary on the Forty hadith on the virtue of dhikr of Allah (the Exalted) by Sheikh Yusuf Al-Nabhani

Please click here to purchase this text. The hadith are complied by Sheikh Yusuf and the commentary is by me :-)

Commentary on the Forty hadith about the virtue of noble Quran and its recitation by Sheikh Yusuf Al-Nabhani

Please click here to see the forty hadith on the Quran complied by Sheikh Yusuf with my commentary
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The Initiation of Abu Laith As-Samarqandi and Commentary on The Initiation of Abu Laith As-Samarqandi A commentary on the primer in the Hanafi school by Qadi Zadah

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Forty hadith on Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali (may Allah be pleased with them)

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Please click here to purchase 40 hadith about Umar

Please click here to purchase 40 hadith about Uthman ibn Affan

Please click here to purchase 40 hadith about Ali (may Allah be pleased with them all)

Bargain !

The life of the Prophets in their graves by Imam Abu Bakr Al-Bayhaqi and Imam Abdurrahman Al-Suyuti

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It is two works of the aforementioned scholars in one!

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Thursday, January 03, 2019

Are you religious? What does it mean to be religious?



Often, I meet people who might look outwardly relgious but when I see them practice I often find them lacking in certain aspects. I wonder if it is my error by being judgemental. Rather it is often about them committing sins that need censure.


Basics

In the Merriam-Webster dictionary gives the following meaning of adjective of the word religious, "very careful to do something whenever it can or should be done." (http://www.learnersdictionary.com/definition/religious)

In Arabic, the word for a religious person is mutadayyin متدين that means pious, godly, devoted, and religious. (Hans Wehr p.306.)

The word religion in Arabic means dana to mean profess a religion or conviction [ibid]. Therefore, to be religious you must profess to do everything that needs to be done.


What needs to done?

The obligations are meant to be done and they are the five pillars and anything there is punishment attached to in the Quran.

Not to do any of the following: cheating, stealing, killing, lying, false oaths, disbelief, drink wine, illegal fornication, leave prayer, not pay zakah, consume interest, oppress people, consume the unlawful, deceive, backbite, talebear, curse, lie about Allah and His Messenger, and so on.

You can find more details on this in the books of major sins/kabair.


Why was character praised?

Ponder over the many perfections of the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings be upon him), how many things did he do in an excellent manner, but one particular ayah in Surah Al-Qalam verse four is the subject of what is necessary for the believer after the pillars.

وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلَىٰ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ

"You truly have great character." 

It can be translated in a few different manners but the emphasis of the Arabic cannot be fully translated into another language. Allah (the Exalted) addresses the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings be upon him) directly using the kaf al-Khatab meaning you. The laam of the next word is emphasis that he truly possesses. Khaliq means to make pieces of leather to make for something or to make something from nothing. Great giving us an explanation that his character was praiseworthy.


Imam Al-Nasafi (may Allah show him mercy) said,

وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلَىٰ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ } قيل: هو ما أمره الله تعالى به في قوله:{ خُذِ ٱلْعَفْوَ وَأْمُرْ بِٱلْعُرْفِ وَأَعْرِض عَنِ ٱلْجَـٰهِلِينَ } [الأعراف: 199]. وقالت عائشة رضي الله عنها: كان خلقه القرآن أي ما فيه من مكارم الأخلاق. وإنما استعظم خلقه لأنه جاد بالكونين وتوكل على خالقهما.

"You truly have great character." It was said he was doing that which Allah commanded in the other ayah, "Maintain forgiveness, command the good and turn away from the ignorant." (Al-Araf 7:199). Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said, "His character was the Quran." Meaning what it contains of honourable characteristics. It is worthy of it being great because the honour of the [creator of the] universe and his reliance upon his creator."


Imam Al-Tabarani (may Allah show him mercy) said,

ويقال: " إنَّهُ صلى الله عليه وسلم احتملَ للهِ في البلاءِ إلى أنْ قالَ حين شُجَّ في وجههِ: " اللُّهُمَّ اهْدِ قَوْمِي فَإنَّهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ " فأنزلَ اللهُ تعالى { وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلَىٰ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ } " قال الجنيد: (سَمَّى خُلُقَهُ عَظيماً لأنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ هَمٌّ سِوَى اللهِ تَعَالَى). وَقِيْلَ: إنه صلى الله عليه وسلم عاشَرَهم بخُلقهِ وزايَلهم بقلبهِ، كان ظاهرهُ مع الْخَلقِ وباطنهُ مع الحقِّ! وَقِيْلَ: سَمَّى خلقَهُ عظيماً لاحتمالِ مكارمِ الأخلاق فيه.

"He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) bore, for the sake of Allah, the tribulation in the tribulation when he was wounded in the face, "O Allah guide my people because they do not know." Therefore, Allah the Exalted said, "You have the greatest character." Al-Junaid said, "His character was called great because he did not any other concern other than Allah the Exalted." Someone said, "He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said being with [excellent] character and not with his heart, his outward was with creation and his internal was with creator. Someone said, "His character was called great because he bore honourable character."


The supplication made by the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) is a testimony to his mercy and proof that Allah did send him as a mercy. It was made for pagan Quraysh to accept Islam, which they did after the opening of Mekkah. Similarly is a hadith in Imam al-Bayhaqi's Al-Dalial Al-Nabuwwah, in which Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her) was tending to the wounds of her father (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him).


Sheikh Yusuf Al-Nabhani in Al-Nawar Al-Muhammadiyyah Vol 2, "Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) was asked about his (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) she said, "His character was the Quran." His speech was in accordance to the Quran in detail and clarification, his knowledge was the knowledge of the Quran, he wanted and acted upon was necessary and recommended in the Quran, he turned and left what was forbidden in the Quran, his desire was that what was desired in it, he abstained [of worldly things] was what is said to be abstain from, he disliked what it disliked, he loved what he loved, and he sought to implement its commands.  She (may Allah be pleased with her) saw him as an explanation [in terms of] knowledge of the Quran and the Messenger, he gave the best expression of all this, therefore she said, "His character was the Quran."


Ibn Ajibah (may Allah show him mercy) said,

قال ابن جُزي: وتفصيل ذلك: أنَّ رسولَ الله صلى الله عليه وسلم جمع كل فضيلة، وحاز كل خصلة جميلة، فمن ذلك: شرف النسب، ووفور العقل، وكثرة العلم والعبادة، وشدة الحياء، والسخاء، والصدْق، والشجاعة، والصبر، والشكر، والمروءة، والتوءدة، والاقتصاد، والزهد، والتواضع، والشفقة، والعدل، والعفو، وكظم الغيظ، وصلة الرحم، وحُسن المعاشرة، وحسن التدبير، وفصاحة اللسان، وقوة الحواس، وحسن الصورة، وغير ذلك، حسبما ورد في أخباره وسِيرَه صلى الله عليه وسلم، ولذلك قال: " بُعثت لأتمم مكارمَ الأخلاق "
ابن البزار

"Ibn Juzzy said specifying that, "the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) had all honourable virtues and possessed all beautiful qualities. From them are: honourable lineage, vast intellect, great knowledge and worship, great shyness, generous, truthfulness, courage, patience, gratefulness, natural disposition, thoughtful, thriftiness, abstinent, humility, sympathy, just, pardoning, hiding the faults of others, maintaining family ties, excellent company, excellent reflection, eloquent tongue, powerful senses, excellently presented, and so forth. Return to the hadith and to his (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) life story. This is why he said, "I was only sent to complete honourable character." [Al-Bazzar].

Each of these words deserves explanation.

Honourable lineage
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) was from the descendants of Ismail (upon him peace).

Vast intellect
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) this was a condition of Prophethood. The Prophets would use their intellects to spread their message.

Great knowledge and worship
His (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) was given to him by Allah the Exalted. He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) once spoke from Fajr to Isha and spoke about all the major events until the end of time.

Great shyness
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) was known for being very shy. Shyness is praiseworthy except for a student knowledge that is too shy to ask a question.

Generous
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) would give out everything he had and he would not rest until he would give out to help Muslims.

Truthfulness
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) was known to be the most truthful person and this is proven by the pagan who refused him! Add to their error when they did not follow him (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him).

Courage
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) would go and speak to people about Islam which put his (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) life at risk. However, he would do that without fear.

Patience
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) was patient with the Mekkan becoming Muslims and was trying for twenty years.

Gratefulness
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) taught us who to be grateful.

Natural disposition
His (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) natural disposition was wonderful and a delight for everyone to be around.

Thoughtful
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) did not rush into anything rather he would think about matters and not proceed without thought.

Thriftiness
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) did not spend his money for no reason. He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) spent money on necessitates and a large amount was given away in charity.

Abstinent
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) was concerned about gathering worldly items because he was comfortable with what he had and did not desire what others have.

Humility
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) was humble which is extraordinary when reflecting on the blessings and rank he has.

Sympathy
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) had sympathy for all people no matter of their creed, race or anything else. He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) wanted to relieve all suffering in the world.

Just
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) was just to everyone he met. He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) gave everyone their rights.

Pardoning
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) forgave the entire pagan population of Mekkah even though they fought him for twenty years.

Hiding the faults of others
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) would not be fussy about peoples minor errors that were sins.

Maintaining family ties
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) kept calling members of his family to Islam even though they opposed and slandered him.

Excellent company
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) was a delight to be around and would make everyone feel like the most person in the world.

Excellent reflection
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) would reflect deeply on matters and think about what was best for the Muslims. From his time until the end of time.

Eloquent tongue
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) never swore or used his tongue to commit sin, ever. He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) would speak using beautiful words.

Powerful senses
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) had powerful sight, hearing and so forth.

Excellently presented
He (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) was presentable, his clothes were clean, he was neat and looked impeccable, all the time.

These are all Sunnah but how many have forgotten these simple basics?


How are you religious?

You are not religious if you practice the pillars of Islam and do any of the following: harm, beat people, you are not religious if you beat your wife, you are not religious if you kill people, you are not religious if you swear all the time, make people uncomfortable, slander and backbite people, watch things that are unlawful for you to do on your computer/tablet/phone, and so on.

Practicing the five pillars alone means you have started but are not practicing yet. Like a man who has put one foot on the ladder, he has not started to climb the ladder.


Woe betide the prayer?

أَرَأَيْت ٱلَّذِي يُكَذِّبُ بِٱلدِّينِ * فَذَلِكَ ٱلَّذِي يَدُعُّ ٱلْيَتِيمَ * وَلاَ يَحُضُّ عَلَىٰ طَعَامِ ٱلْمِسْكِينِ
فَوَيْلٌ لِّلْمُصَلِّينَ * ٱلَّذِينَ هُمْ عَن صَلاَتِهِمْ سَاهُونَ
. ٱلَّذِينَ هُمْ يُرَآءُونَ
وَيَمْنَعُونَ ٱلْمَاعُونَ

"Have you seen those who deny the religion? He refused the orphan and do not give food to the poor? Woe betide the prayers who are neglectful about their prayer, they have pretence in it, they prevent giving to the needy." Quran 107:1-7.

The denier of the religion was a hypocrite [reason for revelation for the above] they denied part of faith. However, part of his rejection of faith was the rejection of doing good to orphans or feeding the poor. His rejection of the good action lead to him denying the religion. He also denied being held into account for his actions. 

We can also look at this hadith as we are denying something fundamental when we refuse to assist the poor and orphaned. Therefore we look are neglectful about our prayer. Prayer also means supplication. We are asking for the help of Allah but we are not helping others. We are praying for others to see us praying in the masjid, which means are worship is empty as large treasure chest. From the outside, it looks wonderful but once it is opened, the reality is clear. It is completely empty and who would want a treasure chest without any treasure?! Even a small amount of good done consistently is better than a great deal rarely.



Further evidence

Ponder this hadith:
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال: قيل للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: يا رسول الله ((إنَّ فلانة تقوم الليل وتصوم النَّهار، وتفعل وتصَّدَّق، وتؤذي جيرانها بلسانها؟ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: لا خير فيها، هي من أهل النار. قالوا: وفلانة تصلي المكتوبة وتَصَّدَّق بأثوار (قطع من الأقط، وهو لبن جامد) ولا تؤذي أحدًا. فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: هي من أهل الجنة))
أحمد
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "Someone asked the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him), "O Messenger of Allah, a particular female prays all night, fasts all day,  works, gives charity, but harms her neighbour with her tongue?" the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, "there is no good in her and she is one of the inhabitants of the fire." They asked, "A particular female prays five times a day and gives [some food] but does not harm anyone." The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, "She is one of the people of paradise." (Imam Ahmed)

This hadith further illustrates the fact that a person cannot think that their life is fine when they harm other people yet pray all night! Here she is applying all her obligations and more but is harming her neighbour by slander, backbiting, lies and so forth. For this reason she is one of the people of hell. Even though she was not just doing obligations but she was also doing more voluntary actions. She was spending her night in prayer and her day in extra fasts but because of her bad character, she was in perpetual loss without knowing it. Then compare this to another woman who prays just her obligations and her neighbours some food. I was unable to identify the type of food. She was one of the people of paradise because of fulfilling the right of the neighbour. How many people are treating their neighbours with disrespect by harming them by their unruly antics, yet claim to be religious or otherwise?


Real bankruptcy

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهم عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : أَتَدْرُونَ مَا الْمُفْلِسُ قَالُوا : الْمُفْلِسُ فِينَا مَنْ لا دِرْهَمَ لَهُ وَلا مَتَاعَ ، فَقَالَ : إِنَّ الْمُفْلِسَ مِنْ أُمَّتِي يَأْتِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ بِصَلاةٍ وَصِيَامٍ وَزَكَاةٍ وَيَأْتِي قَدْ شَتَمَ هَذَا وَقَذَفَ هَذَا وَأَكَلَ مَالَ هَذَا وَسَفَكَ دَمَ هَذَا وَضَرَبَ هَذَا فَيُعْطَى هَذَا مِنْ حَسَنَاتِهِ وَهَذَا مِنْ حَسَنَاتِهِ فَإِنْ فَنِيَتْ حَسَنَاتُهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُقْضَى مَا عَلَيْهِ أُخِذَ مِنْ خَطَايَاهُمْ فَطُرِحَتْ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ طُرِحَ فِي النَّارِ
Muslim

The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) asked, "Do you know who the bankrupt are?" They replied, "The bankrupt is he without wealth or property." He said, "The bankrupt at those of my nation who come on the day of judgement with [all their] prayer, fasting and charity [fully completed so no obligation is left]; [yet he has] abused someone, accused someone, confused the wealth of someone, shed the blood of someone and stuck someone. He [gives away] a good action for them [each sin]. This good action in exchange for this, when the good actions are exhausted, then he will be ruled to take their sins. Then he is thrown into the fire." Muslim

Here, the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) wanted to expand the mindset of people from merely looking at the world to looking at the afterlife. First by thing, their understanding then by causing them to ponder about what's beyond death. There are other narrations in which gold and silver coins are mentioned, as being a person who is bankrupt. Muflis means to be bankrupt, insolvent and ruined. (Hans Wehr p. 726.)

So despite this person not missing any obligations to Allah (the Exalted) he was found wanting in terms of fulfilling the rights to creation. Because of this, he is one of the most bankrupt of the Muslims. The other worldly bankruptcy is about actions not money. The main reason for his ruination is that he did not resolve the difficulty in the world and left it without rectification. Then judgement is done by Allah (the Exalted) when there is only actions to be exchanged. No pardoning can occur at this time. The bankrupt has abused someone verbally or physically, both can be included here. He could have slandered, insulted or backbitten him. Accusation of someone is when someone makes a claim that a crime has taken place. However, it is found to be untrue, after the deliberation of a judge. He could have accused someone of fornication and his story was inconsistent with others. Therefore, he was lashed for making a false claim. He cannot, thereafter, be a witness ever in the Shafi Madhab or he can give witness if he repents in Hanafi. Consuming the wealth of someone is when wealth of someone is taken by force or oppression. Then it is never returned to them. This often happened with the wealth of orphans was usurped by uncles or other family members. He struck or shed the blood of someone. This is stark warning for 'gangsters' who think they can do what they like and come to Jummah and be forgiven. It is not a simple as that, the gangster, like everyone else, should repent and rectify the wrong he did with people. So even if he is praying in the first line but is drug dealing, committing legal fornication, pimping, driving like a mad man in 20 mph zones and so forth of similar crimes; he is not religious. He will give his good actions and if he has no good actions then he will take their sins, even disbelievers will attain justice on the day of judgement. Treating people badly because of their religion is a crime and they will receive punishment.

After all this, when he thought he was in a good position, he will be thrown into hell because he has more evil deeds than good. 


To conclude

Your religiousness depends not just on your act of worship with Allah but what you do with your relationship with creation. Slandering people on social media means you are not religious. Wearing tradition dress does not mean you are more religious than others spreading lies about people means you are not religious. Warning people by slander or backbiting does not mean you are religious.

The character of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) is there for us all to follow until the day of judgement and an ignoramus disregards it. I am accusing myself too of not being, as I should.

If you think religiousness is just about your prayer then guess again and re-read this work.

Unless you have added excellent moral conduct of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) to your religious obligations then you are bankrupt. Then we you call up the bank thinking that you have millions you will find the bank account empty. When do you call up the bank? The day of judgement...
I hope I have made my point clear.



Examples of how he was like the Quran or another article

Saturday, December 29, 2018

Is hell filled by women?





These hadiths were given to me and I was asked the question 'is hell filled with women'?


These are the hadiths that are relevant:


عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: (اطَّلَعْتُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ فَرَأَيْتُ أَكْثَرَ أَهْلِهَا الْفُقَرَاءَ وَاطَّلَعْتُ فِي النَّارِ فَرَأَيْتُ أَكْثَرَ أَهْلِهَا النِّسَاء)َ . رواه البخاري 3241 ومسلم 2737

Imran ibn Husayn [may Allah be pleased with him] reports that the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, "I looked into paradise and most its inhabitants were from the impoverished [in the world]. I looked at hell and I saw most of its inhabitants were women." Bukhari and Muslim.



فعَنْ عَبْد اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ( َأُرِيتُ النَّارَ فَلَمْ أَرَ مَنْظَرًا كَالْيَوْمِ قَطُّ أَفْظَعَ وَرَأَيْتُ أَكْثَرَ أَهْلِهَا النِّسَاءَ ) قَالُوا :  بِمَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ؟ قَالَ : ( بِكُفْرِهِنَّ ) قِيلَ : يَكْفُرْنَ بِاللَّهِ ، قَالَ : ( يَكْفُرْنَ الْعَشِيرَ وَيَكْفُرْنَ الإِحْسَانَ لَوْ أَحْسَنْتَ إِلَى إِحْدَاهُنَّ الدَّهْرَ كُلَّهُ ثُمَّ رَأَتْ مِنْكَ شَيْئًا قَالَتْ مَا رَأَيْتُ مِنْكَ خَيْرًا قَطُّ ) رواه البخاري 1052

Abdullah ibn Abbas [may Allah be pleased with him] reports that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, "I have seen hell and I have not seen a sight, like today, more horrid. I saw most of its inhabitants were women." They asked, "Why was that? O Messenger of Allah?" He replied, "They denied." One asked, "They denied Allah?" He said, "They denied [ungrateful] towards their family, they denied goodness [that they were given]. If someone was good to them their whole life they would see something [bad] from you. They would say I have never seen any good from you." Bukhari 



حديث أُسَامَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم، قَالَ: قُمْتُ عَلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ، فَكَانَ عَامَّةَ مَنْ دَخَلَهَا الْمَسَاكِينُ وَأَصْحَابُ الْجَدِّ مَحْبُوسُونَ غَيْرَ أَنَّ أَصْحَابَ النَّارِ، قَدْ أُمِرَ بِهِمْ إِلَى النَّارِ وَقمْتُ عَلَى بَابِ النَّارِ، فَإِذَا عَامَّةُ مَنْ دَخَلَهَا النِّسَاءُ أخرجه البخاري


Usamah [may Allah be pleased with him] reports that the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, "I stood at the door of paradise and most of those who entered it were poor and those who exerted themselves in isolation, unlike the residents of hell. I moved to [see] hell and stood at the door of hell. Most of those in it were women." Bukhari.




These hadith have to be explained and understood. This is something that caused me a lot of grief, when this question was asked of me. Now firstly we have to look at what our scholars said. 


قال القاضي عياض: النساء أكثر ولد آدم


Qadi Iyyad said, "Women are the greatest number of the offspring of Adam."

This makes sense, because if there were more men than women then their number in hell would be greater because there are more of them.


قال القرطبي تعليقا على قوله : { رأيتكن أكثر أهل النار } : يحتمل أن يكون هذا في وقت كون النساء في النار وأما بعد خروجهن في الشفاعة ورحمة الله تعالى حتى لا يبقى فيها أحد ممن قال: لا إله إلا الله فالنساء في الجنة أكثر


Al-Qurtabi (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "I saw you [using female first person plural pronoun] as most of the inhabitants of hell." It means that is how it was at that time. Yet later they came out with the intercession and mercy of Allah (the Exalted) until none of them remained who said there is no deity except Allah then women will be the greatest [number of] heaven."



قال العيني ـ رحمه الله ـ في بيان فوائد هذا الحديث: منها: تحريم كفران الحقوق والنعم، إذ لا يدخل النار إلا بارتكاب حرام


Al-'Ayni (may Allah be pleased with him) said explaining the benefits of this hadith, "The forbidding of rejecting [or denying] rights and blessings; no one enters the fire except those who commit major sins."



ابن حجر العسقلاني ، فيكون الجمع بين الحديثين أن النساء أكثر أهل النار وأكثر أهل الجنة ، وبذلك يكن أكثر من الرجال وجودا في الخلق. ويمكن أن يقال : إن حديث أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه يدل على أن نوع النساء في الجنة


Ibn Hajjar Al-Asqalani (may Allah show him mercy) said, "Combining between the hadiths that women are most of the inhabitants of paradise and most of the inhabitants of paradise. Therefore they are greater number in creation than men."



وقال النووي: توعده على كفران العشير وكفران الإحسان بالنار يدل على أنهما من الكبائر


Al-Nawawi (may Allah show him mercy) said, "It warns that rejecting the family and rejecting blessing [is punishable] by the fire is a major sin."



 وقال ابن بطال: فيه دليل على أن العبد يعذب على جحد الإحسان والفضل وشكر النعم، قال وقد قيل إن شكر المنعم واجب.


Ibn Battal (may Allah show him mercy) said, "It contains proof that the servant is punished if he denies goodness, virtues and being ungrateful for blessings." He said, "Being grateful for blessings is mandatory."





Imam Al-Suyuti said his commentary of Imam Muslim hadith collection, 'Most means that they [women] will be more than men..." The Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said,


يا معشر النساء تصدقن فاني رأيتكن أكثر أهل النار

"O women folk, give charity because I saw you [women] as most the inhabitants of hell." There would be no point in the command to give charity if they were to remain in hell forever. This indicates they are not to remain there forever. They will enter the fire for their sins and be released from the fire after a time, to marry one of the residents of paradise."

1/6 الديباج على صحيح مسلم بن الحجاج




Combining all the points


To further illustrate the opinions of the rich tradition of scholarship of Islam I want to combine all the points mentioned.


1. The hadiths occurred when the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) saw paradise and hell. This was the blessed event of the Miraj/heavenly ascension. So if he looked into hell at that point how many Muslims had died at that point in history? Very few because the miraj occurred in the year in 621 when the Muslims numbered in the hundreds. So how could it be that most of the hell was made up of women? At what point in history was hell seen? So this is why it was most of the women from previous nations, not those currently alive or yet to be born. As it would be unjust for people who were not yet born to be everlasting torment when they had done nothing. So this could only apply to those who had died without faith and were dead at that time, thus in hell. This does not apply to those who have faith. It only applies to those without.


2. Is being ungrateful to ones husband such a great sin to endure in hell forever? No sin will mean that they stay in hell forever, apart from disbelief. So female believers will be freed from hell with intercession or those who have the least bit of faith. So the hadith must be taken as a warning. Only the sin of kufr or shirk will cause perpetual torment in hell. All other sins will be removed by the torment of hell and then they will enter paradise based on faith. This is a problem when we take a single evidence in isolation. Being ungrateful to Allah (the Exalted) is a sin. Being ungrateful to ones husband is a sin but not as great to cause one to enter hell. This hadith has to be taken as a warning because if it was a major sin then would be more than just a few hadith on it. There should be so many hadith that would leave all doubt.   


3. If we also consider that men will have more than one wife in paradise therefore we must conclude that there are more women in paradise! Yet there are no men complaining about being the least gender in paradise.


What does most mean? In hanafi fiqh most meanings 51% or more. If it is 51% percent then it nothing to be concerned about especially if there are more women than men. 


In the Quran Allah (the Exalted) praised women, "The Muslim men, the Muslim women, the believing men, the believing women, the obedient men, the obedient women, the truthful men, the truthful women, the patient men, the patient women, the fearful men, the fearful women, the men who give charity, the women who give charity, the fasting men, the fasting women, and the men and women who guard their private areas, and those men and women who remember Allah much; Allah prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward." (Quran: Al-Ahzab 33:35)


So Allah (the Exalted) praises women here and do not think otherwise. If you want to see how the Quran views women please see previous article on that. Also see previous see womens reward in paradise too.


The encouragement to give charity was to increase their good actions and this has to be seen in a positive manner.


The second hadith states that there is a certain type of women who is ungrateful towards here husband for seeing one bad trait in him. This is true when people argue they forget all the good you did to them. I did translate kafar as deny but it can mean ungratefulness here. As its two main translation is disbelief and ungratefulness. Here I translated it as deny.


Finally, these hadiths should not be used by men to scare women into thinking that they are going to be in hell in greater numbers. This type of misogynistic retelling of Islam is not wanted and it belies the original tradition.


Wives must be aware of being ungrateful to Allah (the Exalted) as much as men. One has to be careful when reading hadith without, the largely untapped, commentary of our scholars. Find a scholar to ask a question and be safe. 


The main point is that hell is filled with those without faith, regardless of gender. 


Important links

How the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) treated women click here



Treatment of women click here


Women's reward in paradise click here


Hijab in the modern context click here 

Can women visit graves? click here