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Sunday, December 21, 2008

Imam Abu L'Hassan As-Shadhali

Sheikh Abu L'Hassan As-Shadhali was asked,

"Advise me, my beloved."

He said,

"Do not move your feet, except to where you hope for Allah's reward;

do not sit, where you believe that you could become overcome, by disobeying Allah;

and not align yourself, except to he who increases your certainty.

And how few in number they are."

Iyqad al-Himam fi Sharh Al-Hikam by Ibn Ajiba page 114

Friday, December 19, 2008

Sheikh Hamza Yusuf

From his recent visit to Morrocco - sorry guys its an Arabic lesson on Purification and its importance delivered in Ramadan.

This was removed before and has been added by someone else.

Sunday, December 14, 2008

Friday, December 12, 2008

Lost history - book review

This is a review of the book called "Lost History: The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Scientists, Thinkers and Artists" By Michael Hamilton Morgan.

When I saw the title of this book, I was intrigued and I wanted to see what information the book contains. The book reads like a historical narrative, which was something that I did not expect. It trys to explain the current situation or state Muslims find themselves into and then goes back in time to a different age. This did get annoying, after he had done this several times.

Some of the information is new to me, most information is! It's a well written book with one major draw back, there is very little is the way of original sourcing. So it is difficult to quote from a text which cannot back itself up by an original source. Of course, this book does focus on some parts of history and not others. There is a section of the text describing the defeat of the Abdurrahman al-Ghafiqi in France against Charles Martel. He also looks at the loss of Muslim Spain and the final losses of the Ottoman Empire.

There are many personalities mentioned, for example Ibn Firnas, Ahmed Celabi (both poineers in flying), Ibn Sina (his text Al-Qanun used as a medical text for over 900 years), Al-Nafis (builds on Ibn Sinas work and finds how blood cirulates), Zakaria Al-Razi (writes a text on smallpox) and many others.

Here is an interesting quote (which is also unsourced) from David King:

"Virtually all innovations in [astronomical] instrumentation in Europe up to ca. 1550 were either directly or indirectly Islamic in origin or had been conceived previously by some Muslim astronomer somewhere."

The book is worth reading for those interested in the subject and anyone new to the subject.

Wednesday, December 10, 2008

Students attire

The student should try to wear the best clothes that are available to him. Not that he should have the latest fashion rather he should try to wear clothes that are in good condition.

He should be clean and not wear anything that causes discomfort to anyone. This includes wearing designer labels that are clearly visable or any kind of shirt that could distract others from the lesson.

The clothes need to cover the body as appropriate for each gender.

The student needs to consider the average dress of others. If they are all coming in one type of dress and you choose a different type of dress then you will stand out. This is not a good idea either.

Mobile phone must remain off or on silent unless their is a need for it; like life or death.

Do not show up the teacher by wearing clothes that are the same as them; This is not good manners.

Sunday, December 07, 2008

Miracles of the Men of Allah

Sheikh Atabek Shukurov delievered the following Arabic text on Miracles of the Men of Allah and the following is a translation.

Sheikh Ahmed Raf’i

Imam Izzudeen Al-Farooqi states in his book, “Conduct of the Muslims;” “I was informed by Abu Al-Hafiz Muhyiudeen Abu Ishaq related from my father Sheikh Umar Al-Farooqi that he said, “I was with our master, our Sheikh Ahmed Al-Kabir Ar-Raf’i Al-Hussaini (may Allah be pleased with him) during the pilgrimage; this was the year five hundred and fifty five. We had entered Medina on the day the caravans entered it; caravans from Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Morocco, the Levitate, the lands of the non-Arabs and this was more than nine thousand people. So when we arrived at the enlightened masjid, we dismounted our mount, we walked barefooted into the sacred Muhammadan prescient until we stopped at the aromatic room of Prophethood.

He said, “Peace be upon you dear grandfather.” The Messenger of God (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) replied, “And upon you peace my dear child.” Everyone present in the sacred Masjid heard his blessed words. Their presence for this great gift was a great blessing. He yearned; he whimpered; he wept and then knelt to his knees and said,

“When afar, I would send my soul,
To kiss the Earth for me as my deputy.
This is the realm of souls come to,
So extent to me your hand, to grace my lips.”

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) extended his illumined, blessed hand from his bright grave, so he kissed it whilst the people looked on.

There was thousands present in the sacred precinct, when his pure hand was extended. Major scholars of the time were present; Hayat ibn Qais Al-Harni, Sheikh Adi ibn Musafir, Sheikh A’qeel ibn Al-Mubaji. They grabbed his clothes and in that time they refused to follow a spiritual teacher. There was Sheikh Ahmed Al-Azhari Al-Ansari, Sheikh Sharifudeen ibn Abdussmai’i Al-Hashami Al-Abbasi present. All of creation was blessed and honoured by vision of the Muhammadan hand (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). They all swore allegiance to him, as did every scholar present, and may Allah mercy on those who did.

Sheikh Hakim At-Tirmidhi

Sheikh Yusuf Al-Nabahani relates, in the biography of Muhammad ibn Ali At-Tirmidhi, from Al-Manwi that one of his miracles was when he presented his contemporaries with all the books he wrote, they called him a disbeliever; so he threw them all into the sea. A fish swallowed them then spat then out after a few years and even now people benefit from them. He said, “Do not deny the miracles of the men of Allah, those who do not Love other than Allah (the exalted), as it is only a manifestation of truth.”

As-Sharani states in “the Answers of the ill” that Sheikh Abu Abdullah Al-Hakim At-Tirmidhi came out of one the valleys of Balkh with two books, one was the seal of the men of Allah. They denied him because of these books. They said to him, “You claim people prefer the men of Allah over the Prophets,” they were harsh because of these words. He gathered his books and put them into a chest and threw it into the Tigris. During the pangs of death, he brought out his hands from the water and brought out the chest. He said, “The owner of the sea told me that they have preserved my books until the hour. As the sacred law was revived and by teaching it.”

Imam Ghazali

One of the miracles of Muhammad ibn Muhammad At-Tusi, Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali, which was narrated by Al-Yafa’i from Ibn Al-Milqa from Al-Arshi from Al-Mursi, from As-Shadhali that Sheikh Ibn Hazim came to his companions with a book.

“Do you know it?” He said.
They said, “This is the Revival.” (Revival of religious sciences)

The Sheikh, mentioned, would curse Al-Ghazali and forbid reading this book. He uncovered his body and it showed signs of lashing. He said, “Al-Ghazali came to me in a dream and called me to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). When we stopped directly in front of him, he said, “O’ Messenger of Allah, he claims that I said about you, that what I did not say.” I was ordered to be beaten and I was beaten.”

Friday, December 05, 2008

Teachers pet

Everyone wants to have the teacher think that they are the best student and that they are the most important student in the lesson. I would even go so far as say even outside the lesson. You may also wish to distingush yourself in your teachers lessons. You want the teacher to look at you and you alone; You want to answer all the questions; You want to get all the answers right; you want to be the focus of the class.

This is an obsticle to your learning and you have to be careful because this can cause real harm. You see now you are searching for the pleasure of the teacher not the pleasure of Allah subhanu wa ta'ala. There is nothing wrong with trying to earn the teachers respect and supplications but the whole point of learning is to do it soley for Allah (Mighty and Majestic) and not so your teacher thinks he is a good student. If you are after this aim then you are going astray and your intention has to be renewed.

Distance yourself from this and do not let your heart accept this. Whenever you get an answer right do not think that you are a good student because you may not get next question right!

We are not saying disrespect your teacher no, we are saying have your intention clear and try not to let yourself be distracted. As this is a major distraction for any student, the line is very fine and it is necessary to be careful.

Focus on the lesson and ignore the fact that you may be the teachers pet or you may not be. Sometimes a student will want the teacher to look at him - avoid this. Do not move excessively or use any other way to attract the teachers attention. Just study in the lesson and do not let this effect you.

Do not even think about becoming the teachers pet - focus on the lesson and do not let anything distract you from understanding the lesson.

Sunday, November 30, 2008

Sheikh Atabek Shukurov Nasafi

This is a glimpse of the Sira lessons that Sheikh Atabek Shukurov once held.

In the events leading to the Battle of Badr.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was given news that an army from Mecca was coming. He gathered the Muslims and all the leaders of the tribes. The Ansar had an agreement to defend the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in Medina but not outside. Instead of commanding them to fight and leading them into battle like a dictator would he held a meeting to ask the leaders what to do. The emigrants confirmed that they would fight. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked, "O' people advise me."

So Al-Miqdad Ibn Amar said, "O' Messenger of Allah, perform the command of Allah and you have our full support. I swear by Allah, we will not say what the tribe of Isreal said to their Prophet. "You and Lord go and fight; we are here, sitting." Rather we say you and your Lord fight and we are fighting with you. We swear by the one who sent you with the Truth; if you were to take us to Barrk Al-Ghamad (it is a city behind Mecca near Yemen) we would go with you. He thanked him and prayed good for him.

Abdullah ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him) said after the passing away of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that he wished to exchange all his works for the words of Al-Miqdad.

Then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "Advise me,
O' people." Saad ibn Mu'adh said, "I reply for Al-Ansar; its is as if you mean us, O' Messenger of Allah." He replied, "I do." He said, "You truly came out for a reason and you were divinely inspired to something else. We truly believe you, trust you and testify that all you come with is the truth. We have given you our agreement and pact to hear and obey you. So go, O' Prophet of Allah, I swear by the one who sent you with the truth, if you were to immerse yourself into this sea and enter it we would go into it and no man would remain behind. Join what you will; cut off who you will; take from our wealth what you will; what you have taken is dearer to us than what you have left. I swear by the one who possesses my soul, I did not traverse this path before; nor do I have knowledge of it. We do not dislike to meet our enemies tomorrow; we are patient during war and truthful during its encounter, perhaps Allah will show that which gives you delight from us."

Source Tabaqat Ibn Sa'ad and Ibn Hisham.

Most of the Companions had little provisions and little in terms of equipment, some were without shoes.

Sunday, November 23, 2008

Life is better...

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "Wisdom is the lost property of the believer. So let them take it wherever they find it." At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah.

The believer has a right to wisdom because it's his lost item and he has a rightful claim to it.

I remember reading a comic, in my childhood, where there was a crime fighter who was pursing some criminals. They lead him to a garbage dump, where he found something that confused him and sent him into deep wonderment. He found a rose, a red rose, bright and clean, amongst all the rubbish; growing in the garbage dump. I still wonder about this now, even in the worst of places, there maybe something good growing. Even amongst all the rubbish, something wonderful is growing; this is almost like a person. Who may have one good trait amid many bad ones but that good trait may overcome the remainder.

I was wandering home the other day, as most of do, tired and dragging my feet. The day was officially over, at least the working day was! When a caption on a billboard caught my eye, this does not normally happen, but it seemed to draw my attention. It was an advert for a credit card, which of course none of us have! I did not notice this at first, as it was the words that make me think. The picture was of a man painting on an imaginary wall, almost. The picture made little sense but the caption make me ponder.

It read, "Life is better, when you know what’s coming." That’s it, I know I built it up a bit but it was a simple, small caption.

Life is better when you know what’s coming. This to me made perfect sense. I began thinking about how the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) had spoke, at length, in hundreds of different narrations, about the events that would come after his passing away, events leading us the Day of Judgement, the day itself, Paradise and Hellfire.

This narration springs to mind:

Abu Hurairah said, I heard the Prophet saying to Thawban, "O Thawban, what will you do when the nations call one another to invade you as people call one another to come and eat from one bowl?" Thawban said, "May my father and my mother be sacrificed for you. O Messenger of Allah! Is it because we are few?" The Prophet said, "No, on that day you (Muslims) will be many, but Allah will put weakness (wahn) in your hearts." The people asked, "What is that weakness, O Messenger of Allah?" He said, "It is love for this world and dislike of death." Imam Ahmad

It has been all recorded in various books of prophetic narration. We know for instance, that Al-Mahdi will come and we know that the Dajjal then Jesus (upon him peace) will appear. There is even a narration stating that if the Day of Judgement comes and you are planting a tree, finish planting it. It is really extra-ordinary that this information has been given to us and we fail to take full advantage of it.

The main advantage of having this information is that you can prepare for events that will occur because of the knowledge given to us. It's like some who knows the stock market is going to crash and he takes his money out of the market, just before the crash. Why? because when you know what’s coming you are ready and prepare yourself. It is not a shock, it is just confirmation of what you already know.

We know that one day we will all die and we know, from the information given to us, what the questions will be and who will ask them. Life really is better for the believer in Allah because he knows what’s coming. He/she is calm and there no shock or panic, all there is, is calm. This is one of the meanings of Islam, to submit to the will of the creator. Admit that he knows what is better for you than you do. When you enter into this process, rebellion becomes submission. This goes right back to the angels protesting about the Humans placed on Earth as a vice-gerent. What was the answer that Allah (mighty and majestic) gave to the Angels?

"I know that which you do not." Sura Baqarah 2:29

Please do not misunderstand me, Allah (mighty and majestic) possesses knowledge without limit, without bounds, beyond the understanding of anything, ever, this is just an example.

It was knowledge that raised the status of Adam (upon him peace) above the angels, "He was taught all the names." 2: 30

Without knowledge events can make people say what they do not mean and do what they will regret. Knowledge can turn even the least of people into an important person. It can lift people out of the places of sin that they used to be in. Life is better with knowledge because with knowledge you'll see what is coming and it will not surprise you; when you hear the news or read a headline. You know the ways of the world and you know the rewards of the afterlife. Know that in all the nations before, believers in Allah suffered hardship from disbelievers; this is fact. So do not be surprised by what you hear, this has already happened to every nation.

We know what's coming and life is better, when you are a Muslim. You know, so what are you worried about? It is all being taken care of, better than you could ever imagine! So relax and prepare by performing your obligations and any good works. There is no need to worry, it is all going to be alright.

(Please forgive the writer for any mistakes. I hate proofreading!)

Sunday, November 02, 2008

Habib Umar ibn Hafiz

A Night of Repentance and prayer parts one to three
(Sorry, the volume of the audio is low)

Sunday, October 26, 2008

Wednesday, October 22, 2008

Sunday, October 19, 2008

Wednesday, October 01, 2008

Monday, September 29, 2008

Considered Ramadan Thoughts

As we write this, the hours of Ramadan tick by and it’s almost gone, for another year. Yet, do we know that we will see next year’s Ramadan? There are no guarantees are there?

I was sat with a friend during the retreat of the last ten days of Ramadan in the masjid. On the last day, we were silent for a few moments, and then we both began to look at the clock; as the seconds ticked by. Checking our watches, we found out that there was only a minute left of Ramadan. He said let’s make the most of it and we recited the Chapter of Purity (112) three times to get the reward of one Quran recited. Then when the fast was over, he looked at me in the eyes and said, "It’s over, Ramadan is over." This really shocked me that the time was now over and I felt that I had not taken advantage of the time. Did I use the time well? This thought plagued me like snake running under my skin. I wanted to go back and start the month again and do more than what I did. Once the time has gone that is it, it's not coming back.


We were thinking about adding another note about Ramadan, but all it would be is a repeat of what we have said before. That was until we began to ponder something that Sheikh Yahya Rhodus quoted from a scholar, about sins in Ramadan. The scholar had said that one of the possible reasons for sins was that the footsteps of satan were still there and the person was following these footsteps as he was accustomed.During Ramadan any sins that are committed are not the fault of the satan, but the fault of the Self/Naafs. This can be scary, that a person’s sins are all his fault, yet if he is accustomed to committing sins then he continues.

His self needs to break this chain, but can he? Now that the excuse of blaming satan for our sins is gone, who else do we blame? We have been given a great opportunity to break this cycle, to break this habit and to start a new habit, a good habit. It’s a great chance to free yourself from being in a place and doing something sinful.

It is one of the most difficult things to free yourself from sins at first, but later this becomes easy; changing the bad habit into a good habit.The Nafs is the greatest enemy of man and in this month you can learn more about the self than any other month in the year. All its faults are clear and it’s scary to see all these faults; but now you know what is coming from your self and what is coming from satan. So prepare yourself for when satan comes back!


Today may be the last day of Ramadan and like last minute Eid shopping, we need to strike a bargain. How about you give one pound and you'll get ten pounds back, sounds like a good deal to me! There is a divine narration that states, "Spend, son of Adam and you will be spend upon." This is not a bet, this is not a secret, this is known by all. Allah (Mighty and Majestic) will repay us better than we could imagine. We are not saying to make things difficult for yourselves, no, just give out the money that is spare and not needed for food and other essential needs. Then again a smile is charity and it’s very cheap!

Please make a supplication for this lost soul and inshallah, I'll try to make the most of this Ramadan before it’s over. Tomorrow could be the last day of Ramadan for 2008 and after that, it is not coming back!

Sunday, September 21, 2008

Was the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) sent to all nations

The Heights 7:158
“Say: ’O mankind, I am the Messenger of God to you all, of Him to whom belongs the kingdom of the heavens and of the earth. There is no god but He. He gives life, and causes death. Believe then in God, and in His Messenger, the Prophet of the common folk, who believes in God and His words, and follow him; haply so you will be guided.”

I read the following passage of the Quran and it made we wonder about the possible meanings of this verse. I wanted to see what scholars understood by this verse so I headed for the exegeses.

In the book Islam: religion of life (A. Wadud) the author translates part of this as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “I am the Messenger of God now sent to you, and to humanity at large.” Now let us take a glimpse at other commentaries.

Al-Tabari states in his Jami Bayan fi Tasfir Al-Quran, “The Exalted informs the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), O Muhammad say, to all mankind, “I am the Messenger of God to you all.” Not to just some, excluding others, like the previous messengers who were sent to some not others. As truly his message was not for some excluding others rather his message was for everyone."

Ibn Ajibah states in Al-Bahr Al-Madeed fi Tafsir Al-Quran Al-Majeed, “The Truth mighty and majestic proclaims, “Say,” O Muhammad, “I am the Messenger of God to you all.” To the red, the black, non Arab , the Arab, the peoples and the jinn are specified in this call.” See later note for the meaning of red and black."

Al-Shanqiti states in Adowa Al-bayan fi Tafsir Al-Quran, “The Exalted ordered him to say, “O Mankind, I am the Messenger of God to you all.” This blessed passage clarifies that the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was sent to mankind and there are many passages which clarify this further."

Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “Allah sent Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to the red and the black.” What this means is all the colours of all the nations not specific to one nation and one colour, all colours and creeds. Ibn Kathir confirms this and adds that the Arabs and the non-Arabs are also addressed here.

These are more Quranic Passages for you to ponder
Sura Saba 34:28
“And We have not sent thee (O Muhammad) save as a bringer of good tidings and a warner unto all mankind; but most of mankind know not.”
Sura Criterion 25:1

“Blessed is He who sent down the criterion to His servant, that it may be an admonition to all creatures.”

Tafsir Jalalaan confirms that the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is being addressed here.

I wish to now turn to the prophetic narrations that were included in some of the commentaries that we have previously read.

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Whoever of my nation hears about me, be they Jewish or Christian and does not believe in me; will not enter paradise.” Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “I was given five things that no one was given before; I was sent to the red and the black, the Earth was purified place of prostration for me, I was given victory over my enemy through fear over a month’s travelling distance and I can partake in the spoils of war. It was said, ask and it is given and my intercession is concealed from my nation.” (Muslim 521 and Ad-Dayrami 2468)

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “I am the master of humanity on the Day of Judgement.” (Bukhari 4812, Muslim 194)

Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Am I not the beloved of Allah and I do not boast. I am the bearer of the flag of praise, on the Day of judgement that Adam and others will be underneath and I do not boast. I am the first intercede and the first intercessor on the Day of judgement and I do not boast. I am the noblest of the first and the last and I do not boast.” (Al-Tirmidhi 3616)

Doha Al-Ma’ali states that, “He was the first Prophet created and the last one testified.”

All the evidence is clear that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the first and the last prophet. He is a prophet for all nations, all colours, all races, all nationalities, all tribes. He is not a Prophet confined to neither people nor place, he is a prophet for all times and all places. The time in which we will find out how important he is on the day of judgement.

All his nations will beg for him to intercede for them this is when we shall truly know the meaning of his prophethood. We shall see the one who shall forgo his own concerns for us the believers, he wants us to be safe. This is a day so terrifying that the mother will drop their children and the children’s hair will turn white. On that day he will help us and come to help us when we cannot even help each other. This is the meaning of the Quranic passage,  

“We have not sent you, save as a mercy unto all beings.” (The Prophets 21:107)

During the lifetime of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) Jews and Christians became Muslim, why? Those religions became abrogated when Islam came and this lead to the end of those messages. Islam is the completion of the prophetic legacy, prophethood began and finished with the same name. As all the Prophets began in the name of Allah and finished in his praise.

We should now consider that we are around people of who are not Muslim and we must know that we have a responsibility to deliver the message of Islam. Many of us have failed in this, we have failed to reach them. The fact we are Muslim means we have to deliver this message to the people, no matter who they are.

There are two groups of his nation the people of the call and the people who are to be called. We must begin to call those who are in need of this religion more than then could possibly imagine.

Every meeting with any non-Muslim we must ask ourselves are we presenting Islam in it best light. One of the worst things a Muslim can do is curse a non muslim, in pride out their Islam and contentment, their disbelief is something that a Muslim should never be happy about. Yet, we walk the streets and curse the people for the way they dress or what they say, is this the Sunna? Would the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) do this, did he do this? Did he ever have so much pride that he was happy and content in others disbelief? Never.

This action is not coming from him, it is coming from us and this is the worst thing. We pretend to be representing Islam yet we act worse than non Muslims, how will they ever see the beauty of Islam when we do this? How will they see the beauty of the character of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) when we do follow it ourselves? All we do is increase the gap between them and Islam. Then whose fault is it? Our fault, we did not portray Islam as it should be and we have more than one sin upon us. There is a ruling in the principles of Jurisprudence, contentment of disbelief is disbelief. So who are the disbelievers when we are happy about their disbelief? How dangerous is this?

Am I presenting Islam correctly? Whether we like it or not, people will get an impression of Islam and Muslims from meeting us.

We must help those people who have made a sometimes long, arduous journey to Islam and not look at these people as different, because it does not matter who we insult, we insult a member of the nation of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

If I was to speak about myself then I would be able to fill books about the times that I put people off Islam. This is due to my ignorance, anyone can be Muslim and it does not matter who or where they come from. May Allah forgive me for limiting the religion, when Allah opened his religion for everyone. I should have had more insight, I think about it everyday, how I put someone off Islam. May Allah forgive me.

All praise is for Allah mighty and majestic and may peace and blessings of Allah be upon his final messenger Muhammad.

Friday, September 19, 2008

Sheikh Atabek Shukurov Nasafi

Aqida course (there is another part that will be posted soon)
Session one parts to one to five

Wednesday, September 17, 2008

Sidi Hamza Andreas Tzortzis

The Intellectual Basis of Islam

Quran Explorer

Mashallah, this site is excellent, Masud posted it on his website and it deserves another post, here.

If you click on this link you can go through the Quran, in different scripts, reciters and translations.

Its an excellent tool for anyone wanting to review the Quran that they know or learn parts that they did not know.

Don't forget that a letter is worth more than ten this month! Enjoy.

Monday, September 15, 2008

Sunday, September 14, 2008

Robert Baum

Dhimmi - people who were protected in Muslim countires - clip

Quran source for Medieval Jews - clip

Friday, September 12, 2008


Study only, the text that you are currently reading, as if you will never study it again and that you'll never get a chance to study it again. Make every second count, study the text before and after the lesson.

Be serious about this and do not slacken, self study should be only for topics like history and then if you have a question would you go forward and ask.

It is very easy to get distracted, so be aware that satan does not like the fact that you are studying, so concentrate.

Repeat the same lessons until its part of you.

Do not eat too much or little, enough that will aid your studies, if its a particular food then eat it. I find chocolate slows my thinking down, it may be different for you, anything fresh is better.

Thinking about your lesson is better than doing it and forgetting about. On your way home ponder what you have studied as Imam Nawawi used to. Also talking about your lesson to others can help.

Tuesday, September 09, 2008

Finality of the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)

This is really a non issue for most Muslims because this is known as fact that there is not other Prophet after Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) nor is there another Messenger, as this has also ended. Here we wish to prove this fact beyond a shadow of a doubt.


What we wish to do here is examine some proofs and then explain them. So firstly we must state that the words Prophet and Messenger are the synomyns, in terms of language.

The definition of a Prophet is he;

1. Who receives revelation in this world from Allah (the Exalted)

2. Informs of the unseen; some of the past/present

3. His miracles manifest upon a challenge of prophethood

4. See Angels and speaks to them (Commentary Aqida Tahwwiyyah by Al-Madani and Jawhar At-Tawheed by Imam Al-Laqqani)

In terms of sacred law the difference between a Prophet and Messenger is; a Prophet backs up the previous message (he doesn't bring a new law nor is he ordered to convey it) and a Messenger brings a new law (he is ordered to convey it).

This is also one of the facts of a messenger/ prophet that they confirm the previous prophet/ Messenger.

Prophethood was passed from father to son, father to son, father to son.

So when the passage speaks about the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) not being a father of any of the men. This means that Prophethood ended; it stopped; the passing of prophetic chain has ceased.

The great lineage of the Prophets had come to an end and it was to travel no more. "Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but the Messenger of Allah and the Last of Prophets. And Allah has knowledge of everything." [Qur'an 33:40]"

Translated, Last of the prophets is خاتم النبين Khatam here is the active participle or Ism Fa'il which is the active participle in Arabic which means that a person is doing that action. Like a opener is fatih. Khatam can mean seal, stamp, make impervious, inaccessible, conclude, finish, terminate or last. (p.227 Hans Wehr Dictionary)

So we can take meaning last as it says here or we can take seal either way, we can understand the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is one doing the sealing, the one doing the finishing, the one concluding, the one making prophethood inaccessible, Prophethood began with him and ended with him. As He was the first Prophet created in the realm of the souls and the last one sent to mankind. (Dohw Al-Amali sharh ala Bad Al-Mali).

This is illustrated vividly in the following narration;

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Certainly my example and the example of prophets before me is like the example of a palace, most elegant and most beautiful constructed by a person except with a blank space for a brick in one of its corners that made people (who were) going around it wonder and exclaim (in perplexion): “Why is there no brick inlaid here?!” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “I am that brick and I am the last of the prophets.” (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, p.501 and; Sahih Muslim, Vol. 2, p.248)

The following illustrate this further; Amir b Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported on the authority of his father that the Messenger of Allah (may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) addressing 'Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "You are in the same position in relation to me as Aaron was in relation to Moses although there is no prophet after me." Sa'd said: I had an earnest desire to hear it directly from Sa'd, so I met him and narrated to him what (his son) Amir had narrated to me, whereupon he said, "Yes, I did hear it." I said, "Did you hear it yourself?" Thereupon he placed his fingers upon his ears and said, "Yes, and if not, let both my ears become deaf." (Bukhari Book #031, Hadith #5913)

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allah said, "The tribe of Israel used to be ruled and guided by prophets: Whenever a prophet died, another would take over his place. There will be no prophet after me, but there will be Caliphs who will increase in number." The people asked, "O Prophet of Allah! What do you order us (to do)?" He said, "Obey the one who will be given the pledge of allegiance first. Fulfil their (i.e. the Caliphs) rights, for Allah will ask them about (any shortcoming) in ruling over those who Allah has put under their guardianship." (Bukhari Book #56, Hadith #661)

Jubair bin Mutim (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "I have five names: I am Muhammad and Ahmad; I am Al-Mahi through whom Allah will eliminate infidelity; I am Al-Hashir who will be the first to be resurrected, the people being resurrected there after; and I am also Al-'Aqib." (i.e. There will be no prophet after me)." (Bukhari Book #56, Hadith #732)

Saad (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) set out for Tabuk. Appointing 'Ali as his deputy (in Medina). 'Ali said, "Do you want to leave me with the children and women?" The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "Will you not be pleased that you are to me like Aaron is to Moses? But there will be no prophet after me." (Bukhari book #59, Hadith #700)

It is narrated by Uqba bin Aamer, (Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “If there could ever be a prophet after me, indeed Umar bin Khattab would have been such”. (At-Tirmidhi, Vol. 2, p.209)

There are more hadith on this but I wanted to stop at this point making it very clear that no Prophet could follow him and then what about the station of Messenger?


Is the station of Messenger still open seen as prophethood is ended?

The term Prophet and Messenger are used interchangeably in the Quran and you can see this clearly when you look at the examples of the way in which the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bestow peace and blessing upon him) is mentioned, using both terms.

For a Messenger to come there needs to be a new law, there is no new law to come, the Shariah is the final law for mankind.

“Truly the religion with Allah is Islam.” The Family of Imran 3:19

Allah said, "Whoso desires another religion than Islam, it shall not be accepted of him; in the next world he shall be among the losers." The Family of Imran 3.85

"Muhammad is a Messenger of Allah." 48:29

"Today I have perfected your religion for you, and I have completed My blessing upon you, and I have approved Islam for your religion." The Table spread 5:3

These are proofs that no other religion could appear nor could another Messenger come with a new message after the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) his law is final and conclusive.

To further prove this see the following hadith:

The Prophet of Allah (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) affirmed, "The chain of Messengers and Prophets has come to an end. There shall be no Messenger nor Prophet after me." (Tirmidhi, Musnad Imam Ahmad, Marwiyat-Anas bin Malik)

So there is no possibility of another Prophet or Messenger to come after Muhammad (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him).

What about Jesus (upon him peace)?

Jesus (upon him peace) will return to kill the Antichrist and re-establish the sacred law before the end of time. He will follow the law of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and will not bring about new message he will affirm the previous Message.

Also note he is not a new prophet, he was a prophet before and now he is coming again. Therefore he is not bringing anything new he is affirming and this is an exception to the normal rule of the prophets. And as any Arabic student will tell you there is always an exception to the rule!

The Prophet of Allah (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "Allah the Almighty has sent unto the world no Prophet who did not warn his people about the appearance of the Imposter (Al-Dajjal). I am the last in the line of Prophets and you are the last community of believers. Without doubt, then, Anti-christ shall appear from amongst you." (Ibn Majah, Kitabul-fitan, bab:Dajjal).

What about Ibrahim the son who passed away?

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had three sons all of whom died in childhood or in Ibrahim's case a few months after birth. We said before that Prophethood passed from father to son.

Now there is a narration that the Prophet said,لو عاش لكان صديقاً نبياً

"If Ibrahim had lived he would be a truthful prophet."

Reported by Ibn Majah chapter on funerals no. 1511.

First of all according to Yahya ibn Ali Al-Shawkani this is a forged narration. (Siddiqqi Hadith literature p.212)

Some people use this as proof that prophethood could have passed on. Lets examine the words, لو lo means you are wishing for something that you know could never come true. For example I could say; If only today was Friday but I know that today is Saturday and that could not be Friday because that has gone. In either case the hadith is rejected.

Also ponder that the outward of this narration contradicts the Quran passage saying that he is not a father of any of the men. So normally if there is a contradiction of hadith and Quran we either join them or look for an explanation like what we have explained above. So in any case the hadith cannot be used a proof, at all.

Bukhari narrates that Ibn Abu Awfa said, "If there could be a prophet after Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) it would be his son but there is no prophet after him."

Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "He means that if he was not the seal of prophethood then his son would have been a prophet after him." (Tafsir Al-Khateeb As-Sharbini page.318)

This now cannot be understood in other way as it is proved beyond a shadow of a doubt.

The progeny of Muhammad (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) is from our lady Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her) and our master Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). So there was no passing on of Prophethood as it has ceased. And all the Prophet's (may Allah bestow peace and blessings be upon him) children who had offspring died in infancy.

Concluding remarks

We have proved that the stations of prophethood and messengership have both ended. It ended with His message, it was not passed on nor was there a new message. No one can now claim that they are a prophet or a Messenger, they cannot claim that they are bringing a new message or following a message previous to Islam. So from the Prophet Muhammad's (may Allah bestow peace and blessings be upon him) time until the day of judgement, all claims of prophethood are false and baseless.

Disbelief is defined as someone who rejects the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). (Jawhar Al-Kalamiyya Sheikh Tahir al-Jazaair chapter one). Those who do not affirm this cannot consider themselves Muslims.

This is a lie against Allah (the Exalted) and this is worst sin that anyone can do, do you really want to be caught out by God? This can only be an act of foolishness. I have not used all the evidences that I had, I have picked some and not others, so if you find other information that is appropriate to this subject then do not be surprised. This article refutes those who claim to follow another prophet in and outside Islam, as well as another messenger. As well as those try to fabricate a possibility which in itself is a rejection of the first Quranic verse presented and anyone who rejects a Quranic verse leaves the fold of Islam.

Imagine a relay race, there are several runners, each runner takes the batton and runs with it to the next runner who then takes it on to the next runner. This cycle continues until the final runner receives the batton, he takes it to to end of the race. This is likeness of prophethood, each one carried the light and passed it on until it came to a end when it was given to the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) and he completed it.

“Their intention is to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths. But Allah will complete His light, even though the disbelievers hate it” (Quran As-Saff 61:8)

Prophethood is not a station that someone can achieve, it is a station that someone is given. All claims of prophethood outside this are false and without truth.

Monday, September 08, 2008

Habib Umar ibn Hafiz

Dowra 2007

Part five

Awarif al-Marif

They used to eat and start with Bismillah for the first morsel, then Bismillah Ar-Rahman for the second, then Bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem for the third

To bring with three breaths

The sleep of a scholar is worship

Like the sleep of the faster

The most important thing about food that is halal

To partake in permissible food needs a lot of knowledge

Not just Bismillah and eat

Every tree in paradise says Subhanllah, La illah ila Allah, Allahuakbar – Praise be God’s, there is no deity except God, God is the greatest.

Wash your hands before food – this shows gratefulness and this will not prevent you from it later

As it states in the Quran, “If you are grateful, you will be given more.”

A date was found in the street the Prophet said, “If I was fearful that you were not alms I would’ve eaten you.” He gave it to his companions

When you eat say Bismillah – in the name of Allah

Don’t eat anything that you haven’t pronounced the name of Allah over

Imam Ghazali (may Allah be pleased with him) lived until he was 55 but benefited the Muslims immensely

When you are cooking pronounce the name of Allah

“I eat and I pray,” said Imam Sharwadi, this means his eating and prayer, he was in the same state – worship

Mention your Lord, mention Allah, mention the Prophet (Peace and blessings f Allah be upon him)

Use the supplications after you finish eating

Etiquettes of food

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah upon him) told Ali (may Allah be pleased with him), “Put salt in your food because it is a cure for seventeen illnesses.”

Its better to have many people eating

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah upon him) said, “The best of food is the one with the most hands.”

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah upon him) said, “I eat like a slave and I sit like a slave.”

When the companions would eat with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah upon him) they would wait until he would begin

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah upon him) said, “Eat, drink and give with your right hand because satan eats, drinks and gives with the left hand.”

To complain about food looses its blessing

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah upon him) said, “What a blessed sauce vinegar is, O’ Allah bless us by it, as it was the food of the Prophets before me, a house is not poor without it.”

The disobedient and the hypocrites are all Muslims, they are all Muslims

Saturday, September 06, 2008

Habib Umar ibn Hafiz

Dowra 2007

Part six


People should not boast about anything

Why are you boasting about a mosquito wing? All of what you have is less than the worth of the mosquito wing

You are boasting until you visit the grave

The value of someone is in what they are good at

The sources of boast are manners and knowledge

Most people are children, even if they are young or old

Even if they boast about their lineage this is just about earth and water

Don’t put clothes on a small child, that are like the clothes of people who oppress and don’t make them buy something that they will harm their neighbours with – expensive bike, toys

The Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “If you buy fruit, bring it into your home secretly or gift some to your neighbours.”

Don’t be a child whether you are young or old

Nothing is worthy of boast is Taqwa - piety

Don’t speak indecently, speech with is not appropriate, do not cursing others

Cursing means to banish, removing people from Allah’s mercy

The only who is out of Allah mercy is the one who received the message, rejected it and died

It is not permissible to curse anyone except if the have died upon disbelief or someone we have text that allows us

Why would you waste time cursing the devil? Praise Allah and you will be rewarded

Say Alhumdillah fills the scales

Don’t be someone who curses him openly and follows him secretly

Its better for you to refuse him

Keep your tongue busy – make it virtuous

Its better to keep your month closed

There are two sets of speech one is rewarded and one is punished

Do not lie, it’s a grave matter and it leads to corruption – it darkens the face in this word and the next

Don’t swear an Oath don’t say Wallah – I swear by Allah (or by the Quran)

Imam Shafi, said, “I never swore by Allah whether I was telling the truth or lying.”

Avoid theft and treacherousness

Children should be taught how stealing is bad, if small matters are overlooked then they will get worse when they grow up

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)

Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) was about to punish a persons for stealing, the man said, “O’ Prince of the believers, forgive me this is the first time that I have stolen.” Umar said, “Allah does no not disgrace the servant for the first time, you have done it before.”

Stealing is disgrace in this world and the next

Never betray anyone

Don’t looking in their bag, room or house without permission

Leave their secrets don’t expose them, treacherousness

When someone looks around, he is giving you a secret

Don’t betray someone who betrayed you

Safety is in truthfulness

Work for your afterlife as you are going to die tomorrow and work for the dunya as if you are going to life forever - This means put of the dunya because you will not miss anything from it

Be avid about starting the prayer with the Imam

Greed is a type of insanity

Contentment is comfort and ease

The only thing a slave should be greed about is Allah, they should have a desire for Allah Subhanu wa ta’ala

When you take something with contentment it is blessed

Something taken in greed brings unease

Protect oneself from debate and see the merit in silence

You don’t curse women who are unclothed because you don’t know their end

Someone asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) teach me something that if I do Allah and the people will love me, He said, “Abstain from the world, Allah will love you, abstain from what people have, the people will love you.”

If someone curses someone it goes to heaven and then comes down to that person if it doesn’t stick to them and returns to the person who said it

If a person curses the world, the world says may Allah curse the one who disobeys his lord

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prohibited people from keeping cursed animals – because they would receive that curse

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “No one filled a worst vessel that the stomach.”

Someone who sleep with his hands are dirty then let him blame himself

He should be eat the same in a group as he is alone

Let him eat what is permissible

People who eat food from that they are not invited, he is eating haram food

Don’t look down on food that is given to them

If a person who knows that they will be pleased if you eat then

Its Sunna to accept an invitation

We have to act upon them

All your deeds are based upon the food that you have taken, much attention must be taken over food

It will be easy for you to worship

Leaving one morsel of food is beloved that worshipping in the night – this is to overcome your desire

The companions used to say, “We don’t know whose sin is worse, someone who looks down in what’s been to them and one looks down on what they have deems
It insignificant to give it to others.”

Servants should be fed from the food that they have brought or cooked

Use the sunnas of eating and drinking

Praise be to God who fed us, quenched our thirst and made us Muslims
Someone who said this, his previous sins were forgiven

Someone should remove the food that is still on their hands – let him wash it before he sleeps – he could be inflicted by something

Its offensive to swallow something that you removed from your teeth until you did it yourself

Filling the stomach with halal is the beginning of evils, how would it be with haram?

The Prophet Yahya (upon him peace) said to the Iblees, “Did you have any keys against me?” “Yes, once you ate extra dinner and were satiated then we made you miss the prayer.” “I will never eat until I am satiated after that.” Iblees said, “I will never give advice to anyone after that.”

Oh strange is the person who eats little with people and a lot at home, they are like show offs in their prayer

Someone who eats laughing is the same as person who eats crying

If the world was purely blood, Allah would keep what kept a believer alive permissible

Don’t give salam to someone who are eating because they might choke returning salams

If your invited its okay, give salam

If you have a good intention then its okay but otherwise avoid

A pious man light a thousand candles for his sons wedding, a man said, “O’ Sheikh maybe you have been excessive, all of these candles, only some would’ve enough.”
“Okay, blow out every candle that I lit for other than Allah.” He tried to blow out the candles and he couldn’t do it to a single one. He said, “Excuse me, I didn’t know your state with Allah, your candles I cannot blow or pat out.”

Ibrahim (upon him peace) once had a polytheist who pronounced the name of his gods over the food, Ibrahim (upon him peace) told him to go away and then Allah revealed to Ibrahim (upon him peace) that, “My slave came and you did not show him hospitably he disbelieves in me and I have not withheld food from him for one day and you cannot feed him for one day?” Ibrahim (upon him peace) called him back and told him he had been reproached by him and the man was amazed, “Your Lord who I reproached you on my account? I believe in him.”

Someone who walks to food that he was not invited to has eaten haram and harmed people

The host should bid the guest farewell

The man who owns the house should lead the prayer

The Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to bring what was readily available to his guests

Chapter 44

The reason for clothing is to cover the nakedness and protect oneself from the elements

Sufyan at-Thawri wore some clothes upside down and then he was told he was wearing it upside down – when he found it he refused to put it on the right way because his initial intention was to wear clothes for the sake of Allah, why should he change it for people?

Don’t we wasteful or excessive

Many of the pious would wear a patched garment to copy the Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)

Habibs father had a tear on the back of his clothes, he said I don’t see it – in other words it didn’t concern him

The various aspects that are followed are to emulate those who preceded them

O’Allah do not make us weapons that will make us enemies to the nations and free us from servitude from other than you.

Monday, September 01, 2008

The first ten Arabic patterns of verbs


In the name of Allah, the most merciful, most generous

الوزن الفعل The Patterns of verbs

This was put together by a student from information given by a teacher.

Arabic verbs have forms or patterns which change or add to the meaning of the original meaning. This is a text that gives the pattern of the first ten forms of the Arabic verbs thats used in teaching modern Arabic. Traditional students learn more patterns that this. 

This is culled from a text that was given to me but I no longer have a copy of. It gives the understanding of the verb according to the form.

The verb is given with its past tense, present tense, gerund, active participle and passive participle or
فعل الماضى, المضارع , المصدر , اسم الفاعل , اسم المفعول

Form one

فَعَلَ, يَفعُلُ , فِعلٌ , فَاعِلٌ , مَفعُولٌ
Regular verbs describing actions, he did, she wrote etc

Form two

فَعَّلَ , يَفَعِّل , تَفعِيلٌ/تَفعِلَةٌ , مُفَعِّلٌ , مُفَعَّلٌ
Causative verbs (verbs that cause an action) describing actions. i.e. Caused someone to study, he caused someone to do. It does not need an object, it is intransitive.

Form three

فَاعَلَ , يُفَاعِلُ , فِعَالٌ/مُفَاعَلَةٌ , مُفَاعِلٌ , مُفَاعَلٌ
Verbs describing actions done to someone but not returned , or continuity. He wrote but he did not write back, he watched someone but the other person didn't.

Form four

أَفعَلَ , يُفعِلُ , إِفعَالٌ , مُفعِلٌ , مُفعَلٌ
Verbs with concise meaning or making something possible. Meaning he expelled (or exiled) someone, or made someone present.

Form Five

تَفَعَّلَ , يَتَفَعَّلُ , تَفَعُّلٌ , مُتَفَعِّلٌ , مُتَفَعَّلٌ
Verbs, where the subject of the verb and the action described by the verb implying, to distance oneself from something. This could mean a sense of distance from the verb for example "develop" could be or become developed, he avoided existing تخرّج , he distanced himself تَبَرَّأ , people gathered to
تجمّع الناس he gathered people.
جمّع الناس

Form six

تَفَاعَلَ , يَتَفَاعَلُ , تَفَاعُلٌ , مُتَفَاعِلٌ , مُتَفَاعَلٌ
Verbs where two subjects reciprocate in performing the same action (or feeling) described by a verb. I.e. Helped one another, watched something, wrote to each other.

Form Seven

اِنفَعَلَ , يَنفَعِلُ , اِنفِعالٌ , مُنفَعِلٌ , ~
Verbs where the action described is perceived to have occurred on its own, something broke or a door closed on its own.

Form Eight

اِفتَعَلَ , يَفتَعِلُ , اِفتِعَالٌ , مُفتَعِلٌ , مُفتَعَلٌ
Verbs, that are in a sense reflexive. Describing an action done by oneself or by the subject to himself/itself. He moved himselfاِنتقل
, he realised
, he washed himself.

Form nine

اِفعَلَّ , يَفعَلُّ , اِفعِلالٌ , مُفعَلٌّ , ~
Generally these verbs are describing an internal transformation, he turned red احمرّ , he became strong

اشتدَّ he became green.

Form Ten

اِستَفعَلَ , يُستُفعِلُ , اِستَفعَالٌ , مُستَفعِلٌ , مُستَفعَلٌ
These verbs are generally used to ask politely (or with humility) for something or someone to see the services of something, ask for forgiveness اِستغفر , he made used of something استمعل. Or it can be perceived as a request for something: i e مستشفاء hospital – seeking a cure.