Thursday, October 14, 2010

The Seven Awliya of Marrakesh



The word Marrakesh was known to come from two words Murra and Kesh. Mura meaning to pass by and Kesh meaning quickly. It was given this name due to the amount of thieves that were active in the area. Never did I possess an inclination to visit this city until I read about the seven Awliya of Marrakesh then from that moment I was determined to visit them.


What is a Wali? Who are the Awliya?

Awliya is plural of the word Wali. A Wali is someone who is blessed with a rank among the Muslims that only religious folk can understand.We have three levels of Wali.
1. The average believer
2. The special Muslim
3. The elite.
A wali can be either level 2 or 3.

They are people who Allah has blessed with a special rank amongst the Muslims in their time. This level is nothing like Prophethood but is a level that a person can be blessed with. Prophethood is a rank that is sealed and closed by our Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him). For prophetic proof that there can be wali or awliya look to hadith about whoever declares war against my wali; I (Allah) declare war on him.

Morocco, like other countries, is a place filled with the graves of such men but this rank is not limited to men. The female Awilya are hidden unlike their male counterparts. There are Awliyas who are hidden for a reason, even in our time.


So why pray at their graves?


For a start we are not praying to THEM we are seeking their aid in our supplication. When one of the Awliya says ameen to your supplications it carries a weight that you cannot add on your own. We remember someone mentioning that they supplicated at the grave of an author of a particular text that they were having trouble with. After the supplication they found that they had no problem with the text.

The famous aesthetic called Ma’rrof Al-Kharki (may Allah be pleased with him) grave is known is the tested elixir/Triaq Al-Mujarab as many people have supplicated to Allah in its vicinity and seen it accepted.

Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal (may Allah be pleased with him) had an ailment in his arm which no doctor could treat. He went to Ma’rrof’s grave and wiped his arm upon his grave and his arm was healed. So the visiting of graves of the Awliya is something that has been done for centuries.

Unfortunately, in some countries unislamic practices have become prevalent like fairs, dancing and other acts of ignorance. This type of behaviour is of course wrong and the sacredness of these places needs to be maintained.

The Awliya, in the grave, experience a breeze from paradise according to the hadith and if you visit a well known Awliya you should experience tranquillity. So don’t you think that your supplication will be different when it is done within the proximity of the breeze of Paradise?



Famous Awilya


Try it yourself, go to a grave of a well known Awliya and pray to Allah (the Exalted).You should know the difference and you should realise in your heart that these places are different to other graves.

So amongst the famous Awliya of Morocco are the Seven Awliya of Marrakesh. These are seven men who shone in their times as lights of guidance because of the blessings that Allah (the Exalted) showered upon them.


Imam Jazouli


Is one of the most famous of the Seven Awliya as he is writer of the book Dalail Al-Khairat. Who wrote this after witnessing a girl invoke supplications upon the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) and scoop some water out a well that was totally empty previously.


See more on Imam Jazuli here
http://www.dar-sirr.com/Imam-al-Jazouli.html


The story behind Dalial Al-Khairat

http://www.dalail.co.uk/dalail.htm



Each Wali has a secret and Imam Jazuli’s secret was invoking supplications upon the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him).


Imam Suhayli



Was one of the great Maliki jurists and scholars of his time. He wrote many works that benefited the Muslims including Raud Al-Unuf which is an invaluable work on the Sirah of Ibn Hisham. His secret was knowledge and through this he served the Muslim Ummah.




His grave can be found outside the city walls. Where you will see this sign and his name on a wall, when you enter a walled graveyard and walk towards the other side of it you will see a masjid like structure and the Imam is buried there.


Qadi Iyyad



Some people will be familiar with the book As-Shifa bi tarif Al-Huquq Al-Mustafa/The Remedy by realising the rights of the Chosen one. This work of love towards the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) which has transcended and filled many hearts with love for the final Messenger (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him).

He was a scholar and Prophetic narration expert. His secret was love towards the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him).


Sidi Abu l-Abbas As-Sabti



One of his founding principles was al-wujud yanfa ilu bi'l-jud which very roughly means existence moves through generosity or existance is in motion through generosity.

His secret was the giving of charity he was known to give whatever he had to whoever asked. He once gave the shirt off his back to someone who asked and waited in the cold. Then unexpectedly the ruler sent ten sets of clothing to him.


Sidi Abdulaziz Al-Tebaa



Who was one of the leading students of Imam Jazouli and worked to proliferate spiritualism in Morocco. Even though his secret was not told to me it appears that it was a service to the spritual path and his teacher.

His biography can be found here
http://www.dar-sirr.com/Sidi-Abdellaziz-Tabbaa.html



A picture of his grave
http://www.marrakech-ville.com/sidi_tebbaa.php



Sidi Abdullah Al-Ghazwani


Was one the students of Sidi Abdulaziz and he worked further to disseminate the spiritual path. His secret may have been service to the Muslims and the spiritual path. For some unknown reason none of our party took a photo.

A picture of his grave can be found here.
http://www.marrakech-ville.com/sidi-ghazouani.php




Sidi Yusuf ibn Ali






He was not known for his learning. He was instead known for his patience and acceptance of the divine decree. He had leprosy and would lose parts of himself which made people flee from him in fear of contracting the disease. He would seclude himself from the people and invoke Allah (the Exalted) through his patience he was given a great blessing.

His seclusion was a small building in which there was an underground room in which he spent his days and where he was buried. Despite having this disease he would throw parties when he would lose a body part.

He was an exemplar of accepting the divine decree and this was his secret patience and acceptance.

Each Wali has a secret in which they can approach Allah (the Exalted) by performing a specific action frequently.

This is not the same for all people as you have seen from the Awilya above each one has a different in which he approaches. Remembrance of the divine and serving the Muslim nation are one of many doors.

We had intended to write more but unfortunately due to time constraints this was not possible but this will suffice for the meantime. Anyone who desires to visit Morocco should consider going to Marrakesh and visiting these men. And if you do then don’t forget that you should make your supplications and leave. Rather than hanging around, as there are lots of crazy things going on (in Marrakesh not at the graves)! So pay your respects and move on, Fez is another place full of Awliya.


With belated thanks to Hamza W. and Ibrahim.

If you wish to visit these places then please see attached links:
http://sheikhynotes.blogspot.com/2010/06/marrakesh-trips.html



Who are the Awilyah?
Please click here

2 comments:

  1. As-Salaam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah. My dear brother/sister, I just read "the seven awliya of Marrakesh" and I have a few points about which I would like some clarification (if you don't mind that is). I understand that Allahu Ta'ala and His Messenger have mentioned that there is such a thing as "Wilaaya," but I have always thought that only Allah alone knows for sure who His awliya are. I thought that except for those who have been clearly pointed out to us by Rasul'Allah, there are no undisputed awliya that we can be sure of without doubt. Because it is the truth that the preference of one believer over another in the Sight of Allah is with the purity of his heart, and none knows what is in the heart except Allahu Azza Wa Jalla.
    I have been trying to understand this concept (how it is decided that someone is a wali of Allah) for a while now and I hope you can help me out with it. May Allah guide us all.

    BTW, I really love this 'blogspot' a whole lot, and may Allah reward you for your effort.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Salam alikum
    Thanks for your kind message and your questions.
    Allah knows his Awliya yes but some are more apparent that others. These seven are more apparent than others.
    For example Sheikh AbdulQadir Al-Jilani is one of those amazing Awliya who is apparent to everyone but the Muslim who cleans the masjid toilets may not be so obvious.

    There is nothing in Hadith to state the Wilyah will end and that they need to indicated to.
    The sincerity or lack of is a secret and this is different issue.

    Allah is his infinite wisdom chooses his Awliya but the first steps to Wilya is getting the Fard in place and then the Sunna.

    This is why it is so special because you could be speaking to a Wali and not even know their state!

    In Maroc they are good to everyone because they do not know who is beloved to Allah.

    I hope that answers your questions.

    Please keep visiting and commenting.

    ReplyDelete