Friday, May 22, 2015
Thursday, May 21, 2015
1. Arrive on time - if he says arrive at asr it means at his house not that's the time you set off. Seek clarification on exact time if needed.
2. Greet and welcome with gifts.
3. Sit where he tells you.
4. Follow his instructions.
5. Do not look around the house without his instruction and lower your gaze.
6. Do not interrupt his speech.
7. Agree with what he says and seek clarification if necessary.
8. Do not nod your head excessively to mean that you understand. So pretend if you have not heard something before even if you have heard it a million times.
9. Do not outstay your welcome - so take a hint to leave.
10. Leave with blessings, do not prolong your farewell.
11. Beware that he has limited time and do not exceed your time slot. If he says he has to go at a certain time then leave before then.
Its always best to leave in good spirits than become a burden and outstay your welcome.
Tuesday, May 19, 2015
Sunday, May 17, 2015
Thursday, May 14, 2015
Sunday, May 10, 2015
Friday, May 08, 2015
The famous British boxer Henry Cooper used to do a commercial about the Flu Jab. At the end of this public information film he said, "Get your jab in first." Because a punch is also called a jab as well as an injection! So here, I am getting my jab in first.
18 or 15?
The times that the Ramadan calendar use are based on the degrees that the sun is close to the horizon. There are two degrees that people use either the eighteen degree or fifteen degree. So depending on which one, you follow one the closing time of the fast changes. For years, the majority of masjids regardless of group affiliation have followed the fifteen degree rule.
The eighteen degree rule has been creeping in the last few years in particular for this time of year. In June, July and August there is a problem with Isha time because technically the time does not enter. According to Abu Hanifah (may Allah show him mercy) the time for Isha is when the whiteness disappears from the sky and according to Imam Muhammad and Abu Yusuf (upon them mercy) it is the redness. Therefore, in these times there is whiteness remains and sometimes the redness does not go. Therefore, you have a problem. When does Isha start? You will have to observe the sky and see when the redness goes and this normally takes about one hour and a half. At the same time, the whiteness might not go at all.
However, the Isha prayer has to be done. The masjids normally pray Isha one hour after sunset following Imam Rida Khan (upon him mercy) opinion for these circumstances.
So some Hanafis follow the Shafi opinion in these times because the Isha time enters as soon as one has made ablution, prayed fard and Sunnah. Technically its about fifteen to twenty minutes. Most masjids follow Imam Rida Khans positions in Isha time. But if one does not then the there is no Isha time and thus no Fajr time. This gives us a big problem especially in Ramadan. This is the main cause of disagreement, there is no time of Isha. My advice for Isha is to prayer with the masjids and pray fajr when it is clear that the time has entered.
How is the timetable worked out?
Well the normal timetable gives around two hours before sunrise. Then extra fifteen minutes before the time ends. Therefore, if sunrise is at five am then the time of ceasing eating is about 2.40 or so. Give or take around ten to fifteen minutes. There is also an opinion that you can keep eating up the time of the call to prayer but that gives you a problem, especially with a mouth full of food! That is the reason for that extra time.
This is according to the 15 degree table the 18 degree will be at 1.30 and might stay that way for the whole month. Based on Abu Hanifahs position that the twilight does not go.
For as many as eight years the time for true fajr does not come until 1.45 or 1.30 before sunrise. This is in normal situations around the year based on viewing the skies. The true dawn is when light emerges from the horizon and continues to grow horizontally. The vertical light is false dawns because it is light from the galaxies.
To say one must fast at 1.30 is not valid as far as I am concerned because there is no eyewitness testimony to it. It is based on degrees and calculations rather than actually observing the skies. This opinion is spreading like wildfire within the masjids and I see it as unnecessary hardship. In addition, if these fasts were not valid then last time the fasts were in the summer had to be made up. Yet no one has said that. Was it because we did not know? Well you might to make up four months of fasting then!
Ibn Abidin (upon him mercy), Ashi'at-ul-lama'at, and Ni'mat-i Islam, state fasting by calculation or by referring to a calendar before seeing the New Moon is not permissible. The hadiths about the months are about looking at the moon and not following calculations that is where the 18 degree rule is founded.
Rather the fifteen degree one is closer to the actual eyesight as far as I can work out. The eighteen degree rule is based almost solely on calculations without having any eyesight testimony to back it up. The opinion that the ruling of Isha time coming in when the whiteness goes is a problem then how we decide on 1.30? It does not make any logical sense.
Its my opinion that we in the UK should follow the fifteen degree rule and not the eighteen. Please note I am not saying those fasting 1.30 in the morning are doing sometime wrong but its not logically backed up with going out to see the sky. If you want to follow the 18 degree rule then its up to you. The Imams of the Indo-pak world seem to follow the 18 degree rule so will be against what we have presented here, that's fine. I do believe its putting unnecessary hardship upon other religious people which may lead people not to fast because of the infighting. More and more people are sick of seeing walking sticks at fifty paces when they enter the masjids. The Sunni infighting is driving people to other groups and it must stop. If you want to fight then do it in a sound proof room out of sight of the public.
My advice is to follow the later times in your area which around two hours before sunrise. Do not be tempted to follow the wahabi/selefi times because they end their fast too late thus do not have one!
I hope that I made this clear for everyone. Any questions please add them to the comments section below. I am not into feeding my inflated ego or attaining any time of position rather I am interested in the truth. Neither do I have a position of power or influence yet those who have knowledge fear me? If they had knowledge then they would not see me as a threat.
Only Allah (the Exalted) knows best.